For each minute of the day, 1 billion tonnes of rain falls on the Earth which is equivalent to 1440 tonnes of rainfall each day.
The largest hailstone ever recorded fell in Vivian, South Dakota in July 2010 and measured 20 cm in diameter. Wow, that’s colossal.
Lightning will sometimes strike after a volcano has erupted.
The driest place on the Earth (outside the polar regions) is the Atacama Desert in Chile, South America.
Mawsynram, located in Meghalaya State which is in India, is the wettest place on Earth.
When water evaporates to become a gas, the gas is called water vapour. Water vapour is invisible unlike water in its other forms, liquid and solid (ice).
Weather takes place in the lowest section of our atmosphere, an area called the troposphere. In the troposphere, there is lots of water vapour so we have clouds, rain and snow.
There are 4 types of clouds. Cumulus cloud (thick, fluffy clouds), stratus cloud (low, dark layers covering most of the sky), cirrus cloud (whispy white cloud, high in the sky) and nimbus cloud (dark grey clouds holding rain).
Mountains are usually very windy places, and the top of mountains are often wet and misty.
Tornadoes start inside thunderclouds where a column of air is set spinning by high winds at the top of the cloud. Tornadoes are also known as twisters or whirlwinds.